Vocabulary

Here’s a list of all the Chinese words used in books 1 through 13 of the Journey to the West series.

Chinese Pinyin English
a ah, oh, what
ài love
爱上 ài shàng to fall in love
àn darkness
安静 ānjìng quietly
安全 ānquán safety
ba (indicates assumption or suggestion)
to pull
(preposition introducing the object of a verb)
to hold, to get, to have it done
eight
(measure word for gripped objects)
爸爸 bàba father
bái white
bǎi hundred
百分 bǎi fēn percentage
白天 báitiān day, daytime
芭蕉扇 bājiāo shàn palm-leaf fan
bàn to do
bàn half
搬 (动) bān (dòng) to move
方法 bānfǎ method
bàng rod
bǎng to tie up
帮 (助) bāng (zhù) to help
帮忙 bāngmáng to help
半夜 bànyè midnight
bǎo full
抱 (住) bào (zhù) to hold, to carry, to wrap up
宝贝 bǎobèi treasure, baby
报仇 bàochóu revenge
保护 bǎohù to protect
宝石 bǎoshí gem
宝塔 bǎotǎ pagoda
包子 bāozi steamed bun
宝座 bǎozuò throne
把手 bǎshǒu handle
耙子 bàzi rake
bèi times
bèi (passive particle)
běi north
杯 (子) bēi (zi) cup
被迫 bèi pò to be forced
bèn stupid
běn (measure word for books)
本 (来) běn (lái) originally
arm
compared to, than
pen
避 (开) bì (kāi) to avoid
闭 (上) bì (shàng) to shut, to close up
biàn to change
biān side
biān whip
变出 biàn chū to create, to generate
变回 biàn huí to change back
变成 biànchéng to become
边界 biānjiè boundary
bié do not
别的 biéde other
别人 biérén others
bìng disease
bīng ice
陛下 bìxià Your Majesty
必须 bìxū must, have to
鼻子 bízi nose
脖子 bózi neck
no, not, do not
簿 ledger book
不久 bùjiǔ not long ago, soon
不死 bùsǐ not die (immortal)
cái only
cài dish
cǎi color
才会 cái huì will only
财富 cáifù wealth
彩虹 cǎihóng rainbow
才能 cáinéng ability, talent
猜拳 cāiquán guess fist (a game)
参加 cānjiā to participate
蚕丝 cánsī silk
cǎo grass, straw
草地 cǎodì grassland
céng (measure word for a layered object)
厕所 cèsuǒ bathroom
chá tea
chā to insert
chā fork
chán Zen Buddhism
chǎng (measure word for public events)
cháng long
唱 (歌) chàng (gē) to sing
长衣 cháng yī long dress
常常 chángcháng often
长短 chángduǎn length
长生 chángshēng longevity
长生不老 chángshēng bùlǎo immortality (long life no die)
cháo nest
chén to sink
chéng to multiply
城 (市) chéng (shì) city
成 (为) chéng (wéi) to become
惩罚 chéngfá punishment
成绩 chéngjì achievement
成熟 chéngshú ripe
丞相 chéngxiàng prime minister
称赞 chēngzàn to praise
chí pool, pond
chǐ Chinese foot
chī (fàn) to eat
吃掉 chīdiào to eat up
吃惊 chījīng to be surprised
耻辱 chǐrǔ shame
chōng to rise up, to rush, to wash out
虫 (子) chóng (zi) insect
chóu hatred
chǒu ugly
chū out
chuán to pass on, to transmit
chuán boat
穿 chuān to wear
穿上 chuān shàng to put on
chuáng bed
chuāng window
船工 chuángōng boatman
穿过 chuānguò to pass through
创造 chuàngzào to create
出城 chūchéng out of town
厨房 chúfáng kitchen
chuī to blow
出来 chūlái to come out
除了 chúle except
春 (天) chūn (tiān) spring
出生 chūshēng born
出现 chūxiàn to appear
next in a sequence
(measure word for time)
cóng from
聪明 cōngming clever
聪明多了 cōngming duōle smart enough
从头到脚 cóngtóudàojiǎo from head to foot
broad, thick
cùn Chinese inch
村 (庄) cūn (zhuāng) village
cuò wrong
big
to hit, to play
大打 dà dǎ big fight
大地 dà dì the earth
大喊 dà hǎn to shout
打坏 dǎ huài to hit badly, to bash
大叫 dà jiào to shout
打败 dǎbài to defeat
大臣 dàchén minister
大帝 dàdì emperor
打斗 dǎdòu fight
大会 dàhuì general assembly
dài band
dài to wear
dài (dào) to bring
带回 dài huí to bring back
带走 dài zǒu to take away
带路 dàilù to lead the way
大家 dàjiā everyone
大将 dàjiàng general, high ranking officer
打开 dǎkāi to open up
打猎 dǎliè hunt
大门 dàmén front door
dàn egg
dān pill or tablet
但 (是) dàn (shì) but, however
胆小 dǎn xiǎo timid
丹药 dān yào elixir
dāng when
当然 dāngrán of course
担心 dānxīn to worry
dào to arrive, towards
dào (measure word for lines, orders)
dào way, path, Daoism
dāo knife
dǎo to fall
稻田 dàotián paddy
大人 dàrén adult
大声 dàshēng loud
大师 dàshī grandmaster
打算 dǎsuàn intend
大仙 dàxiān high immortal
de (adverbial particle)
de of
(particle showing degree or possibility)
得 (到) dé (dào) to get
的话 dehuà if
děng (zhe) to wait
等到 děngdào to wait until
灯笼 dēnglóng lantern
ground, earth
emperor
(prefix before a number)
bottom
low
殿 diàn hall
diǎn point, hour
点头 diǎn tóu nod
殿下 diànxià Your Highness
店主 diànzhǔ innkeeper, shopkeeper
diào to hang
diào to fall, to drop
钓 (鱼) diào (yú) to fish
貂鼠 diāo shǔ mink
雕像 diāoxiàng statue
弟弟 dìdi younger brother
地方 dìfāng local, place
帝国 dìguó empire
dǐng top
地球 dìqiú earth
地上 dìshàng on the ground
低头 dītóu head down
底下 dǐxia under
地狱 dìyù hell, underworld
dòng freeze
dòng to move
dòng (measure word for buildings, houses)
dòng cave, hole
dōng east
东南西北 dōngnánxīběi south, east, north, west (all directions)
冬天 dōngtiān winter
动物 dòngwù animal
东西 dōngxi thing
dōu all
斗篷 dǒupéng a cape
to read
bet
duàn (measure word for sections)
锻炼 duànliàn to exercise
duī (measure word for piles, problems, clothing, …)
对骂 duì mà to scold each other
duì correct, towards someone
对…来说 duì…lái shuō to or for someone
对不起 duìbùqǐ I am sorry
对着 duìzhe toward
dùn (measure word for non-repeating actions)
duǒ (measure word for flowers and clouds)
duō many
多长 duō cháng how long?
多久 duō jiǔ how long?
duǒ zài to hide
多么 duōme how
多少 duōshǎo how many?
读书人 dúshūrén student, scholar
肚子 dùzi belly
è evil
饿 è hungry
èr two
耳 (朵) ěr (duo) ear
而是 ér shì instead
而且 érqiě and
儿子 érzi son
hair
law
发 (出) fā (chū) to send out
发抖 fādǒu to tremble or shiver
法官 fǎguān judge
发光 fāguāng glowing
fàn cooked rice
fān to turn
反对 fǎnduì oppose
犯法 fànfǎ criminal
fàng to put, to let out
房 (子) fang (zi) house
放回 fàng huí to put back
方 向 fāng xiàng direction
房间 fángjiān room
放弃 fàngqì to give up, surrender
放下 fàngxià to put down
放心 fàngxīn rest assured
方丈 fāngzhàng abbot
饭碗 fànwǎn rice bowl
发生 fāshēng occur
发现 fāxiàn to find
fēi to fly
飞到 fēi dào to fly towards
非常 fēicháng very much
飞过 fēiguò to fly over
fèn (measure word for documents, meals, jobs)
分 (钟) fēn (zhōng) minute
fēng (measure word for letters, mail)
fēng mad
fēng wind
粉红 (色) fěnhóng (sè) pink
Buddha
佛语 fó yǔ “Buddha’s verse,” the Heart Sutra
佛法 fófǎ Buddha’s teachings
佛教 fójiào buddhism
佛祖 fózǔ Buddhist teacher
father
妇人 fù rén a lady
附近 fùjìn nearby
腐烂 fǔlàn decay
斧头 fǔtóu ax
gài cover
gǎn to dare
gǎn to chase away
gān dry, to dry
感 (到) gǎn (dào) to feel
杆 (子) gān (zi) rod
gāng steel
刚 (才) gāng (cái) just, just a moment ago
钢做的 gāng zuò de made of steel
干旱 gānhàn drought
干净 gānjìng clean
感觉 gǎnjué to feel
感谢 gǎnxiè to thank
gāo tall, high
告诉 gàosù to tell
高兴 gāoxìng happy
(measure word, generic)
song
哥哥 gēge older brother
gěi to give
gēn (measure word for long thin things)
gēn root
gēn with, to follow
gēng watch (2-hour period)
更 (多) gèng (duō) more
更好 gèng hǎo better
个子 gèzi height (human), build (human)
宫 (殿) gong (diàn) palace
公鸡 gōngjī rooster
弓箭 gōngjiàn bow and arrow
工人 gōngrén worker
公主 gōngzhǔ princess
工作 gōngzuò work, job
ancient
(measure word for air, flows, …)
ring or hoop
骨 (头) gǔ (tóu) bone
寡不敌众 guǎ bùkě dí zhòng few cannot win over many
拐杖 guǎizhàng staff or crutch
guān to turn off
棺材 guāncai coffin
guāng light
关心 guānxīn concern
关于 guānyú about
guì kneel
鬼 (怪) guǐ (guài) ghost
guì expensive
贵重 guìzhòng precious
guò to pass
guǒ fruit
国 (家) guó (jiā) country
过来 guòlái to come
过去 guòqù past, to pass by
国土 guótǔ land
国王 guówáng king
过夜 guòyè to stay overnight
锅子 guōzi pot
故事 gùshì story
hái still, also
hǎi ocean
还有 hái yǒu also have
害怕 hàipà afraid
还是 háishì still is
孩子 háizi child
喊 (叫) hǎn (jiào) to shout
háng row or line
hǎo good, very
好吧 hǎo ba ok
好吃 hào chī delicious
好了 hǎo le all right
好看 hǎokàn good looking
好像 hǎoxiàng like
and, with
river
crane
hē (zhe) to drink
盒 (子) hé (zi) box
和…比 hé…bǐ compare wtih
hēi hey!
hēi black
黑暗 hēi’àn dark
河流 héliú river
hěn very
和平 hépíng peace
和尚 héshàng monk
红 (色) hóng (sè) red
hòu after, back, behind
猴 (子) hóu (zi) monkey
后来 hòulái later
后面 hòumiàn behind
to take care of
huà to melt
huà to paint
huà word, speak
huā flower
划掉 huà diào to cross out
huài bad
怀孕 huáiyùn pregnant
画家 huàjiā painter
huàn to exchange
还给 huán gěi to give back
huǎng lie
黄 (色) huáng (sè) yellow
皇帝 huángdì emperor
欢迎 huānyíng welcome
花园 huāyuán garden
huí to return
huì will, to be able to
huī to swat
huī gray, dust
回答 huídá to reply
毁坏 huǐhuài to smash, to destroy
回来 huílái to come back
回去 huíqù to go back
葫芦 húlu gourd
huó to live
huǒ fire
或 (者) huò (zhě) or
活着 huó zhe alive
火炬 huǒjù torch
火盆 huǒpén brazier
火焰 huǒyàn flame
猢狲 húsūn ape
呼吸 hūxī breathe
胡子 húzi beard, moustache
extremely
several
记 (住) jì (zhù) to remember
chicken
jiā plus
jiā family, home
jiàn (measure word for clothing, matters)
jiàn sword
jiàn arrow
jiān pointed, tip
jiān shoulder
jiān between
见 (面) jiàn (miàn) to see, to meet
检查 jiǎnchá examination
简单 jiǎndān simple
jiǎng to speak
讲课 jiǎngkè lecture
jiào to call, to yell
jiǎo foot
教 (会) jiāo (huì) to teach
脚指 jiǎo zhǐ toe
叫醒 jiàoxǐng to wake someone up
轿子 jiàozi sedan chair
叫做 jiàozuò called
级别 jíbié level or rank
继承 jìchéng to inherit
jiè to borrow
jiē to meet
节 (日) jié (rì) festival (day)
街道 jiēdào street
结婚 jiéhūn to marry
解决 jiějué to solve, settle, resolve
姐妹 jiěmèi sisters
介绍 jièshào introduction
结束 jiéshù end, finish
几乎 jīhū almost
季节 jìjié season
jìn near
jǐn tight, close
金 (色) jīn (sè) golden
金 (子) jīn (zi) gold
金钢套 jīn gāng tào gold steel armlet
金箍棒 jīn gū bàng golden hoop rod
进进出出 jìn jìn chū chū to go in and out
筋斗云 jīndǒu yún cloud somersault
jìng quiet
jǐng well
jīng spirit
jīng through
经常 jīngcháng often
经过 jīngguò after, through
经历 jīnglì experience
镜子 jìngzi mirror
进来 jìnlái to come in
进去 jìnqù to go in
进 (入) jìnrù to enter
今天 jīntiān today
今晚 jīnwǎn tonight
金星 jīnxīng Venus
jiù just, right now
jiù to save, to rescue
jiù old
jiǔ long
jiǔ nine
jiǔ wine, liquor
就会 jiù huì will be
就要 jiù yào about to, going to
就这样 jiù zhèyàng that’s it, in this way
酒店 jiǔdiàn inn, hotel
舅舅 jiùjiu maternal uncle
就是 jiùshì just is
继续 jìxù to continue
纪元 jìyuán era, epoch
to lift
句 (子) jù (zi) word, sentence
觉得 juédé to feel
决定 juédìng to decide
觉悟 juéwù enlightenment
鞠躬 jūgōng to bow down
咀嚼 jǔjué to chew
军队 jūnduì army
举行 jǔxíng to hold
kāi to open
开始 kāishǐ to start
开心 kāixīn happy
kǎn to cut
kàn (zhe) to look
看不到 kàn bù dào look but can’t see
看不见 kàn bújiàn look but can’t see
看成是 kàn chéng shì regarded as
看起来 kànqǐlái looks like
kǎo to bake
考试 kǎoshì examination
class, lesson
thirsty
(measure word for trees, vegetables, some fruits)
(measure word for small objects)
可爱 kě’ài lovely, cute
可怜 kělián pathetic
可能 kěnéng maybe
可怕 kěpà frightening
客人 kèrén guest
磕头 kētóu to kowtow
可以 kěyǐ can
kōng air, void, emptiness
kǒu (measure word for people in villages, families)
kǒu mouth
叩头 kòutóu kowtow
库 (房) kù (fáng) warehouse
kū (zhe) to cry
kuài (measure word for chunks, pieces)
kuài fast
快乐 kuàilè happy
快要 kuàiyào coming soon
kuān width
盔甲 kuījiǎ armor
苦力 kǔlì coolie, unskilled laborer
kǔn bundle
捆 (住) kǔn (zhù) to tie up
to pull down
lái to come
来说 lái shuō as for (someone), as far as
来自 láizì from
蓝 (色) lán (sè) blue
láng wolf
栏杆 lángān railing
lǎo old
老虎 lǎohǔ tiger
老话 lǎohuà old saying
老师 lǎoshī teacher
老死 lǎosǐ die of old age
le (indicates completion)
fun
雷电 lédiàn lightning
lèi tears
lèi tired
雷 (声) léi (shēng) thunder
lěng cold
from, away
stand
(measure word for small grains)
a Chinese mile (500 meters)
里 (面) lǐ (miàn) inside
lián to connect
liǎn face
连在一起 lián zài yīqǐ connected together
liàng bright
liǎng two
练习 liànxí to exercise
厉害 lìhài amazing, powerful
离婚 líhūn divorce
离开 líkāi to go away
lìng another
灵魂 línghún soul
邻居 línjū neighbor
liù six
liǔ willow
留 (下) liú (xià) to keep, to leave behind, to stay
liú (xiàng) to flow
礼物 lǐwù gift
lóng dragon
笼子 lóngzi cage
lóu buildings
road
鹿 deer
绿 (色) lǜ (sè) green
lún wheel
旅途 lǚtú journey
ma (indicates a question)
to scold
horse
麻烦 máfan trouble
mài to sell
mǎi to buy
妈妈 māma mother
màn slow
máng busy
满意 mǎnyì satisfy
máo hair
帽 (子) mào (zi) hat
māo cat
毛笔 máobǐ writing brush
马上 mǎshàng right away
马桶 mǎtǒng chamber pot
měi every
méi not
美 (丽) měi (lì) handsome, beautiful
没关系 méiguānxì it’s ok, no problem
美好 měihǎo nice, happy
媒人 méirén matchmaker
没事 méishì nothing, no problem
没有用 méiyǒu yòng useless
men (indicates plural)
mén door, gate
mèng dream
门口 ménkǒu doorway
rice
miàn side
面对面 miànduìmiàn face to face
miào temple
miè to put out (a fire)
米饭 mǐfàn cooked rice
秘密 mìmi secret
míng (measure word for people)
明 (亮) míng (liàng) bright
名 (字) míng (zì) name
明白 míngbai to understand
明天 míngtiān tomorrow
ink
魔 (法) mó (fǎ) magic
魔鬼 móguǐ devil
魔力 mólì magic power
female (animal)
木 (头) mù (tou) wood
木板 mùbǎn plank, board
to take
that
哪 (儿) nǎ (‘er) where?
拿出 ná chū to take out
拿开 ná kāi to take away
拿来 ná lái to bring
拿起来 ná qǐ lái pick up
拿下 ná xià remove, capture
拿走 ná zǒu take away
那儿 nà’er there
奶奶 nǎinai grandmother
那里 nàlǐ there
哪里 nǎlǐ where?
那么 nàme so then
nán south
nán male
nán difficult
南瓜 nánguā pumpkin
难过 nánguò to be sad or sorry
男孩 nánhái boy
那些 nàxiē those
那样 nàyàng that way
ne (indicates question)
néng can
you
你好 nǐ hǎo hello
nián year
niàn to read
念佛 niànfó to practice Buddhism
年纪 niánjì age
年龄 niánlíng age
年轻 niánqīng young
尿 niào urine
niǎo bird
nín you (respectful)
niú cow
农夫 nóngfū farmer
female
女儿 nǚ’ér daughter
ō oh?, oh!
to climb
afraid
pāi to smack
牌 (子) pái (zi) sign
拍手 pāishǒu to clap hands
pàng fat
旁 (边) páng (biān) beside
盘子 pánzi plate
pào bubble
pǎo to run
pén pot
pèng to touch
棚屋 péng wū hut, shack
朋友 péngyǒu friend
(measure word for horses, cloth)
leather, skin
piàn (measure word for flat objects)
piàn to trick
piāo to drift
漂亮 piàoliang beautiful
屁股 pìgu butt, rear end
píng flat
瓶 (子) píng (zi) bottle
to force
瀑布 pùbù waterfall
仆人 púrén servant
菩萨 púsà bodhisattva, buddha
葡萄酒 pútáojiǔ wine
普通 pǔtōng ordinary
its
chess
to ride
gas, air, breath
seven
from, up
qián in front, before
qián money
qiān thousand
千山万水 qiān shān wàn shuǐ countless rivers and mountains (a long distance)
qiáng wall
强 (大) qiáng (dà) strong, powerful
强盗 qiángdào bandit
前面 qiánmiàn in front
前往 qiánwǎng go to
qiáo bridge
起床 qǐchuáng to get out of bed
祈祷 qídǎo prayer
旗杆 qígān flagpole
奇怪 qíguài strange
起来 qǐlái (after verb, indicates start of an action)
亲爱 的 qīn’ài de dear
qǐng please
qīng lightly
轻声 qīng shēng speak softly
清楚 qīngchǔ clear
情况 qíngkuàng situation
青蛙 qīngwā frog
请问 qǐngwèn excuse me
亲戚 qīnqi relative(s)
起身 qǐshēn get up
其实 qíshí in fact
其他 qítā other
qiú ball
秋 (天) qiū (tiān) autumn
秋水 qiūshuǐ autumn waters (trad. description of a girl’s beautiful eyes)
旗子 qízi flag
妻子 qīzi wife
to go
to take
quān a circle
qún group or cluster
去年 qùnián last year
ràng to let, to cause
然后 ránhòu then
hot
热爱 rè’ài to adore
rén person, people
认出 rèn chū to recognize
认得 rèndé to know, to recognize
rēng to throw
任何 rènhé any
人间 rénjiān human world
人参 rénshēn ginseng
认识 rènshì to understand
认为 rènwéi to believe
认真 rènzhēn serious
day
容易 róngyì easy
荣誉 róngyù honor
ròu meat, flesh
into
如果 rúguǒ if, in case
thirty
sǎn umbrella
sān three
打扫 sǎo to clean
(indicates color)
僧 (人) sēng (rén) monk
森林 sēnlín forest
shā to kill
shā sand
shàn (measure word for windows, doors)
shàn fan
shān mountain
山脚下 shān jiǎoxià at the foot of the mountain
shàng on, up
shāng dào to hurt
上一次 shàng yícì last time
上床 shàngchuáng go to bed
商店 shāngdiàn store
伤害 shānghài to hurt
上课 shàngkè go to class
上面 shàngmiàn above
上去 shàngqù to go up
上天 shàngtiān heaven
伤心 shāngxīn sad
shǎo less
shāo to burn
烧香 shāoxiāng burn incense
shé snake
shè to shoot, to emit
shēn deep
身 (体) shēn (tǐ) body
神 (仙) shén (xiān) spirit, god
身边 shēnbiān around
shēng to give birth
圣 (人) shèng (rén) saint, holy sage
声 (音) shēng (yīn) sound
圣僧 shèng sēng holy monk, Bodhisattva
身高 shēngāo body height
生病 shēngbìng sick
生活 shēnghuó life, to live
生命 shēngmìng life
生气 shēngqì angry
生日 shēngrì birthday
生物 shēngwù animal, creature
生长 shēngzhǎng to grow
绳子 shéngzi rope
什么 shénme what?
神奇 shénqí magical
shí ten
shì is, yes
shì to taste, to try
诗 (歌) shī (gē) poetry
事 (情) shì (qing) thing
石 (头) shí (tou) stone
食 (物) shí (wù) food
是不是 shì búshì is or is not?
时来时去 shí lái shí qù come and go
士兵 shìbīng soldier
师父 shīfu master
时 (候) shíhòu time, moment, period
时间 shíjiān time, period
世界 shìjiè world
尸体 shītǐ dead body
侍卫 shìwèi guard
誓愿 shìyuàn vow
狮子 shīzi lion
shòu thin
shǒu hand
shǒu (measure word for music, poems)
手臂 shǒubì arm
受到 shòudào to suffer
手帕 shǒupà handkerchief
受伤 shòushāng injured
手指 shǒuzhǐ finger
shù to count
shù bundle
shū book
shū to lose
树 (木) shù (mù) tree
shuāng a pair
shuāng frost
舒服 shūfu comfortable
shuí who
shuì to sleep
shuǐ water
睡不着 shuì bùzháo can’t sleep
水果 shuǐguǒ fruit
睡觉 shuìjiào to go to bed
睡着 shuìzháo asleep
树林 shùlín forest
说 (话) shuō (huà) to speak
说不出话 shuō bu chū huà speechless
说起 shuō qǐ to speak up
说完 shuō wán finish telling
说过 shuōguò said
four
dead
silk
寺 (庙) sì (miào) temple
丝绸 sīchóu silk cloth
死去 sǐqù die
四周 sìzhōu all around
sòng to send
sōng loose
送 (给) sòng (gěi) to give a gift
宿 constellation
vegetable, vegetarian
suì years of age
suì to break up
虽然 suīrán although
suǒ to lock
所以 suǒyǐ so, therefore
所有 suǒyǒu all
tower
he, him
she, her
it
tái to lift
tài too
抬头 táitóu to look up
太阳 tàiyáng sunlight
太子 tàizǐ prince
tán to bounce
tán to talk
tān beach, shoal
弹奏 tán zòu to play
táng sugar
tāng soup
tào set
桃 (子) táo (zi) peach
逃 (走) táo (zǒu) to escape
逃跑 táopǎo to run away
淘气 táoqì naughty
特别 tèbié special
to shave
tián sweet
tiǎn to lick
tiān day, sky
天法 tiān fǎ heaven’s law
天地 tiāndì heaven and earth
天宫 tiāngōng palace of heaven
天空 tiānkōng sky
天气 tiānqì weather
天下 tiānxià under heaven
tiáo (measure word for narrow, flexible things)
tiào to jump
跳起来 tiào qǐlái to jump up
跳入 tiào rù to jump in
跳出 tiàochū to jump out
跳舞 tiàowǔ to dance
tiě iron
tīng to listen
停 (止) tíng (zhǐ) stop
听说 tīng shuō it is said that
tóng same
tóng copper
痛 (苦) tòng (kǔ) suffering
铜水 tóng shuǐ liquid copper
同意 tóngyì to agree
tóu head
tōu to steal
头发 tóufà hair
to spit out
dirt, earth
兔 (子) tù (zi) rabbit
徒弟 túdì apprentice
土地 tǔdì land
土地神 tǔdì shén local earth spirit
tuī to push
tuō to drag
tuō to remove (clothing)
突然 túrán suddenly
wài outside
外公 wàigōng maternal grandfather
外面 wàimiàn outside
wán to finish
wán to play
wàn ten thousand
wǎn late, night
wǎn bowl
wān bend
晚些时候 wǎn xiē shíhòu later
晚安 wǎn’ān good night
完成 wánchéng to complete
晚春 wǎnchūn late spring
弯刀 wāndāo scimitar, machete
晚饭 wǎnfàn dinner
wáng king
wǎng to
wǎng net, network
忘 (记) wàng (jì) to forget
王国 wángguó kingdom
王后 wánghòu queen
晚上 wǎnshàng evening
wèi for
wèi (measure word for people (polite))
wèi to feed
尾巴 wěibā tail
伟大 wěidà great
未来 wèilái future
为了 wèile in order to
为什么 wèishénme why
危险 wēixiǎn danger
wèn to ask
闻 (到) wén (dào) smell
问好 wènhǎo say hello
温暖 wēnnuǎn warm
文书 wénshū written document
问题 wèntí question, problem
I, me
no
understanding
fog
five
to dance
屋顶 wūdǐng roof
无法无天 wúfǎwútiān lawless
巫婆 wūpó witch
武器 wǔqì weapon
无用 wúyòng useless
to wash
to suck, to absorb
stream
西 west
xià down, under
下棋 xià qí to play chess
下来 xiàlái down
下面 xiàmiàn underneath
xiān immortal, celestial being
xiān first
xiàng like, to resemble
xiàng towards
xiǎng loud
xiāng box
xiāng fragrant, incense
向下 xiàng xià downward
xiǎng, xiǎngzhe to want, to miss, to think of
乡村 xiāngcūn rural
想到 xiǎngdào to think
想法 xiǎngfǎ thought
想起 xiǎngqǐ to recall
向上 xiàngshàng upwards
相信 xiāngxìn to believe, to trust
想要 xiǎngyào to want
鲜花 xiānhuā fresh flowers
仙女 xiānnǚ fairy, female immortal
先生 xiānshēng mister
现在 xiànzài just now
xiào to laugh
xiǎo small
小的时候 xiǎo de shíhòu when was young
小名 xiǎo míng nickname
小孩 xiǎohái child
小时 xiǎoshí hour
小睡 xiǎoshuì nap
小偷 xiǎotōu thief
小心 xiǎoxīn to be careful
夏天 xiàtiān summer
下午 xiàwǔ afternoon
瞎子 xiāzi blind
xiè to thank
xiě to write
xiē some
鞋 (子) xié (zi) shoe
谢谢 xièxie thank you
喜欢 xǐhuān to like
xìn letter
xīn heart
xīn new
新来的 xīn lái de newcomer
xíng okay
xíng to travel
xìng surname
xīng star
醒 (来) xǐng (lái) to wake up
幸福 xìngfú happy
行李 xíngli baggage
星期 xīngqī week
兴趣 xìngqù interest
性子 xìngzi temper
心跳 xīntiào heartbeat
心愿 xīnyuàn wish
xióng bear
xiōng chest
兄弟 xiōngdì brothers
xiù embroidered
休息 xiūxi to rest
袖子 xiùzi sleeve
希望 xīwàng to hope
洗澡 xǐzǎo to bathe
xuǎn to select
悬崖 xuányá cliff
许多 xǔduō many
xuě snow
学 (习) xué (xí) to learn
xuè, xuě blood
学会 xuéhuì to learn
学生 xuéshēng student
学校 xuéxiào school
靴子 xuēzi boots
需要 xūyào to need
tooth
沿 yán along
yān smoke
宴 (会) yàn (huì) feast, banquet
眼 (睛) yǎn (jīng) eye
yáng goat or sheep
yáng masculine principle in Taoism
yǎng to support
阉割 yāngē castration
养育 yǎngyù to nurture
样子 yàngzi to look like, appearance
颜色 yánsè color
yáo to shake or twist
yào medicine
yào to want
yǎo to bite, to sting
yāo waist, small of back
妖仙 yāo xiān immortal demon
要饭 yàofàn to beg
妖怪 yāoguài monster
要求 yāoqiú to request
钥匙 yàoshi key
night
page
also, too
叶 (子) yè (zi) leaf
液体 yètǐ liquid
爷爷 yéye paternal grandfather
one
衣 (服) yī (fu) clothes
一百多种 yì bǎi duō zhǒng hundreds of kinds
一开始 yì kāishǐ at the beginning
一百多年 yìbǎi duō nián a century or so
一般 yìbān commonly
一边 yìbiān on the side
一次 yícì once
一点 (儿) yìdiǎn (‘er) a little
一定 yídìng for sure
一共 yígòng altogether
以后 yǐhòu after
一会儿 yīhuǐ’er for a little while
已经 yǐjīng already
一路 yílù throughout a journey
yín silver
yīn feminine principle in Taoism
yíng to win
yìng hard
yīng hawk
应该 yīnggāi should
隐士 yǐnshì hermit
因为 yīnwèi because
音乐 yīnyuè music
一起 yìqǐ together
以前 yǐqián before
一生 yìshēng lifetime
医生 yīshēng doctor
意思 yìsi meaning
以为 yǐwéi think, believe
一下 yíxià a bit, a short quick action
以下 yǐxià below
一样 yíyàng same
一直 yìzhí always, continuously
椅子 yǐzi chair
yòng to use
用力 yònglì to use effort or strength
yóu oil
yòu also
yòu right
yǒu to have
游 (泳) yóu (yǒng) to swim, to tour
有一天 yǒu yìtiān one day
游走 yóu zǒu to walk around
有点 yǒudiǎn a little bit
游过 yóuguò to swim across/through
友好 yǒuhǎo friendly
有力 yǒulì powerful
有名 yǒumíng famous
有人 yǒurén someone
有事 yǒushì has something
游戏 yóuxì game
有些 yǒuxiē some
有意思 yǒuyìsi interesting
有用 yǒuyòng useful
fish
jade
language
rain
遇 (到) yù (dào) encounter, meet
yuǎn far
园工 yuán gōng garden worker
原谅 yuánliàng to forgive
愿意 yuànyì willing
月 (亮) yuè (liang) moon
yuè more
月光 yuèguāng moonlight
愉快 yúkuài happy
yún cloud
运气 yùnqì luck
欲望 yùwàng desire
zài again
zài in, at
再见 zàijiàn goodbye
zāng dirty
zào to make
zǎo early
造成 zào chéng cause
早饭 zǎofàn breakfast
早上 zǎoshàng morning
怎么 zěnme how
怎么办 zěnme bàn how to do
怎么样 zěnme yàng how about it?
怎么了 zěnmele what happened
怎样 zěnyàng how
zhǎ to blink
zhāi to pick
zhàn to stand
战斗 zhàndòu to fight
zhǎng grow
zhāng (measure word for pages, flat objects)
张 (开) zhāng (kāi) open
长大 zhǎng dà to grow up
丈夫 zhàngfu husband
战士 zhànshì warrior
战争 zhànzhēng war
站住 zhànzhù stop
zhào shine, according to
zhǎo to search for
找不到 zhǎo bú dào search but can’t find
照亮 zhào liàng illuminate
找到 zhǎodào found
照顾 zhàogù to take care of
zhe (indicates action in progress)
zhè this
zhē to hide
这一次 zhè yícì this time
这儿 zhè’er here
这里 zhèlǐ here
这么 zhème such
zhèn (measure word for short-duration events)
zhēn needle
真 (的) zhēn (de) really!
枕 (头) zhěn (tóu) pillow
正 (在) zhèng (zài) (-ing)
正好 zhènghǎo just right
争论 zhēnglùn debate
针灸师 zhēnjiǔ shī acupuncturist
真相 zhēnxiàng the truth
珍珠 zhēnzhū pearl
这些 zhèxiē these
这样 zhèyàng such
zhí straight
zhǐ only, (measure word)
zhǐ to point at
zhǐ paper
zhī of
zhī (measure word for stick-like things, armies, songs, flowers)
zhī branch
智 (慧) zhì (huì) wisdom
直到 zhídào until
知道 zhīdào to know something
只是 zhǐshì just
只要 zhǐyào as long as
只有 zhǐyǒu only
侄子 zhízi nephew
zhòng a crowd
zhòng heavy
zhǒng (measure word for kinds of creatures, things, plants)
zhōng in, middle
种地 zhòng dì farming
中国 zhōngguó China
中间 zhōngjiān middle
重要 zhòngyào important
终于 zhōngyú at last
zhōu continent
州长 zhōuzhǎng governor of a state or province
zhù (verb complement)
zhù to live, to hold
zhǔ lord
zhū pig
柱 (子) zhù (zi) pillar
抓 (住) zhuā (zhù) to arrest, to grab
爪 (子) zhuǎ (zi) claws
抓起来 zhuā qǐlái catch up
zhuǎn turn
zhuàng (measure word for buildings, houses)
状元 zhuàngyuán champion, first place winner
转身 zhuǎnshēn turned around
准备 zhǔnbèi ready, prepare
桌 (子) zhuō (zi) table
注意 zhùyì pay attention to
主意 zhǔyì idea
written character
紫 (色) zǐ (sè) purple
字牌 zì pái a sign with words
自己 zìjǐ oneself
总是 zǒng shì always
zǒu to go, to walk
走错 zǒu cuò to walk the wrong way
走近 zǒu jìn to approach
走开 zǒu kāi to go away
走出 zǒuchū to go out
走动 zǒudòng to walk around
走路 zǒulù to walk down a road
钻石 zuànshí diamond
zuì the most, the best
zuì drunk
zuǐ mouth
最后 zuìhòu at last, final
最近 zuìjìn recently
尊 (敬) zūn (jìng) respect
zuò to do
zuò to sit
zuò (measure word for mountains, temples, big houses, …)
zuǒ left
做得对 zuò dé duì did it right
昨晚 zuó wǎn last night
昨天 zuótiān yesterday
左右 zuǒyòu approximately
祖师 zǔshī founder, great teacher
阻止 zǔzhǐ to stop